Olaf the Stout Rasmussen: for asking me to make my first gambeson and taking . sleeves from the pattern's design and split the front on the center line adding. and keeping them historically accurate Supplemental PDF's with Gambeson Patterns http: Website: Making gambeson and keeping them historically accurate Gambeson Pattern or Padded Jack Pattern Charles-of-Blois-Pattern. jpg . Discover ideas about Medieval Costume. Leather chainmail Viking armor- "Ragnar" hand-woven leather strap with heavy gauge stainless steel rings. Leather ring mail Viking armor- "Ragnar" hand-woven leather strap with heavy gauge stainless steel rings.

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Gambeson Pattern Pdf

Gladly exampels or information on gambesons used as stand alone amour, on them nvrehs.info Here is a pattern that can be used "altered" (as in using layers of linen) to. Padded Gambeson: A Gambeson (spelling varies as this word predates the OED ) Regardless of historical influence, diamond pattern sewn padded material is. I carefully used my patterns to mark the metal and then cut the pieces using a . the plates hang from the leather between the leather and the gambeson.

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While there had been elsewhere Armours using only horizontal plates, or only vertical plates as also found at Wisby , there was no evidence this hybrid solution was used anywhere else and may have been a short lived local variant. To make this Hybrid solution work effectively, it requires the front panel of Horizontal plates be separate from the side panels of Vertical plates. How I began this challenge: My Laurel, at the time my armouring teacher, gave me a challenge to make a suit of Armour using the data from the book, and specifically recommended Wisby 1.

As was his way, he merely gave me access to the book flagging several pages referencing the Armour and left me to explore how I would approach the problem. I was most fascinated by the carefully measured scale drawings they had made both of the plates they had found and of how they looked in relation to each other when they were dug up. Using the scale drawings I made careful measurements and applied the scaling factor and drew life size patterns for all the pieces.

Noting how no two pieces were exactly alike. There is a reason for this as small differences make a big difference. For instance each of the front horizontal plates as you go down from the top was each a little wider than the preceding, so they would each fully overlap, factoring in the curvature and the thickness of the metal. I carefully used my patterns to mark the metal and then cut the pieces using a Beverly shear B, filing to correct any errors until I had all the pieces flat.

I then started shaping them with softer hammers, such as a leather mallet or one with a plastic head, against a wooden form.

This minimizes distortions on the metal.

The purpose of the curves on the vertical plates are to fit them snugly around the body while providing for a small amount of overlap. It is thought that the surcoat was adopted by the crusaders, partly to prevent the metal from getting overheated under the hot sun of the orient, and partly to protect it from moisture and rust.

Until the rich discoveries at Wisby revealed the appearance of the armour worn about the year , we were chiefly confined to contemporary representations in the attempt to follow this evolution. As these are relatively scanty, and only show the outside of the armour, leaving us in ignorance of the details and particulars of the construction, or at any rate permit of different interpretations, our knowledge of the way in which it developed must remain rather uncertain.

Vaguely Historical Shirt Pattern

They do not include the countless suits of chainmail, but only those with metal plates as those are the ones which survived the centuries under the ground. All leather and cloth disappeared into the soil, but due to the particular conditions of the ground there, the metal pieces were comparatively untouched by rust.

To summarize the nature of the Armours found at Wisby, first and most important is to note that no two Armours are alike. While the Archeologists grouped them together based on certain similarities some had between them, it is obvious each one was custom made, no doubt fitted to the individual, perhaps based upon their specific preferences.

Much of the discussion in the book is exploring the evolution of the armour and how this was apparently a time when several versions coexisted.

All of the Armours from type 1 through 4 have a top row upper chest of vertical plates in the front which are designed to overlap and slide over each other, allowing the arms and shoulders to compress toward each other. These can be anywhere from 2 to 7 plates. The other vertical plates in the Armours, while they overlap their neighbors, are designed to wrap around the torso and not to compress. The clue to this intent is where the rivets were placed.

It makes further sense when you put on a suit of Armour, that the top front row needs to compress, in order to provide as wide as possible a protection of the upper chest. Note that later period one piece breast plates rely more on large shoulder protection to provide coverage of the chest near the shoulders, whereas the shoulder protection found at Wisby was a small plate covering the tip of the shoulder, though a few also had a number of small plates as part of the overall suit of armour that happened to also extend up over the collar bone.

All the Armours other than the Lamellar Armour were consistent in style that they all had their plates hanging or mounted on the inside of a leather or heavy fabric coat. Similar to scale armour in number and placement of small plates, but assembly is using lacing rather than rivets.

There are also variations in where the panels of plates overlap and attach to each other, allowing the Armours to be put upon the warrior with varying degrees of required assistance or limberness. There is much debate over what amour types led to which, but if we take the broader view we can see a couple of facts. It was not easy at first for them to make the larger plates.

Over the years this became more feasible for them. In order to gain protective value from overlapping, there does not have to be a large amount of overlap.

This leads to lower weight when larger pieces are used, because overall there is less metal overlapping with other metal. Think of chainmail as the ultimate in small plate scale armor.

As the size of the plates grew, their protection vs crushing impact weapons became more effective. So the technological drive to grow the plates was powerful, in that it both reduced weight and was more effective. No doubt during this period of time when fashion was to keep the plates hidden on the inside of the coat, there would be less fashion pressure to make the plates a certain way.

With each Armour apparently custom made, this led to a wide range of Armours during this transition period as the range of the size of plates available grew due to technological development.

I believe the 'Type 1', with its horizontal plates was a briefly available variant that lost favor as Armours with larger plates became more common and the surcoats went away. Perhaps it was a local variant and as a result of the Battle of Wisby, its adherents were all killed off The basic trick is to place the plates on flexible leather or cloth and not place rivets where you want the plate to be separate from the leather it hangs from. Note; To hang a plate from stiff or heavy leather would require much fewer rivets.

Arming Coat

In fact, in Armour 3 we find the horizontal plates have two rows of tightly spaced rivets at the top of each plate. The flexible leather is on the outside, the plates hang from the leather between the leather and the gambeson.

We can tell the plates hung from the inside by noting the rivets protruding from the metal where the leather was removed by the centuries. With the rivets protruding from the outside of the curve, there is no way the plates were on the outside of the leather. By the way, we can see from other pieces, such as gauntlets found at the dig where we see the insides of some of the pieces that it was common practice to make the rivets flush with the metal so as to make the rivets effectively disappear from sight.

The vertical plates do not need to be mounted on flexible leather. In fact heavier leather will add protection at the direct and sole expense of weight.

There is no compression needed on the vertical plates. Breathing is accommodated by the upper chest plates. Placing the vertical plates on a panel of leather of your desired type , you then wrap the panels around you and buckle the panels together where desired.

The overlapping nature of the plates transfers the energy of a strike from in front or the side towards the plates in the back, away from your body. The armour is a system and the gambeson, while no cloth evidence remains in the Wisby dig, is an essential component. It does not have to be thick, but it is needed to diffuse the shock impact while the overlapping plates spread the impact over a larger area making the padding of the gambeson even more effective.

There is plenty of evidence that a system of horizontal plates both front and back, or sides also, was not uncommon, as was a system of solely vertical plates as we find in Types What makes Type 1 unusual is that we see a combination of horizontal and vertical plates.

An Armour of all vertical plates can use a large sheet of leather, cut for instance into the classic T shape with all the plates attached. An Armour of all horizontal plates can similarly use a large sheet of flexible leather with all the plates attached, with no degradation of performance. Apparently the dominant local fashion was to use vertical plates, but there were some hold-outs that still wanted horizontal plates in the front for reasons I will go into later as well as the two fellows with Types 5 and 6.

One apparent motivation for the vertical plates is the transference of energy towards the back and away from the body. It is also easy to put on, as it simply wraps around the body.

Historical accurate gambeson! -- nvrehs.info

If you are not concerned with getting hit directly under your armpit, perhaps your fighting style does not leave this open much, then by making the side vertical plates a bit shorter, you can still bend to your side as much as your body would allow anyway. Generally a stiff vertical back is a positive thing, protecting you from damaging yourself by twisting your back under stressful conditions. In the Wisby Armours we see the vertical back plates do not go all the way from waist to neck.

This is because people do bend there and a continuous plate would inhibit that. In the front, the upper chest plates, being separate from the vertical front plates make some little bending feasible.

Additional rows of vertical plates most common in the front add another increment of flexibility. The advantage of horizontal plates is the ease with which mobility is maintained.

You can clearly bend your torso as much as you have flexibility in your body while maintaining full coverage. Some people in their fighting styles favor more bending and odd positions of their body than others. This was no doubt as true then as it is now in the SCA. As such the merging of these two styles is not as easy as one might think. Though the same method of construction works for both of them, used together they require a more complex construction method.

In an analogous position near the skeletons, buckles were found fairly often. These buckles need not have to be considered as belonging to the armour itself but they probably belonged to the garment worn beneath it see p. Some of the buckles found in the graves belong to the armours, gauntlets and spurs, but the bulk of them certainly belonged to wearing apparel.

This is perfectly clear from their position, for in several cases they were found in pairs, lying in or close to the pelvis figs. This could be very clearly observed in some skeletons in common grave 3 burial 1 , which had been laid down in a more orderly way than the other corpses, and where the position is therefore more instructive.

Unfortunately, their function in this position cannot be determined with certainty. They have probably served to hold together a belt round the waist, but they might also have served to hold up the hose, the garment which was a sort of cross between trousers and stockings and which formed a part of medieval costume. This indicates that while those burying the bodies may have been sufficiently in a hurry to not do as complete job of scavenging as they normally would, they still obviously took the time to cut straps until they found the purse.

It may also explain why no helms were found as they would be easily removed and had significant value. This cutting of straps helps us see more clearly the separation of panels. After all the plates are curved so as to wrap around the body. We see the vertical plates organized for instance in a panel that includes all of one side all the way to the back.

The upper chest plates are close enough together, though somewhat overlapping each other. Armour 1: The horizontal plates in Armour 1 are clearly jumbled though kept together and as a result also clearly separate from the side panel of vertical plates. Note the panel of vertical plates was 'inside' closer to the body than the horizontal plates.

The Horizontal plates do have some apparent relationship between them, but it is hard to decode with any certainty in this drawing.