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Imie Rozy Pdf

The Name of the Rose is the debut novel by Italian author Umberto Eco. It is a historical .. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. Imię róży (tytuł oryginalny Der Name der Rose) – film fabularny z roku w reż . Jeana-Jacques'a Film powstał na podstawie książki Umberta Eco Imię róży. Bergamo, po torturach został spalony na stosie w Vercelli. Jego historia jest jednym z wątków pobocznych książki Imię róży, pierwszej powieści Umberta Eco.

Who is killing monks in a great medieval abbey famed for its library - and why? Brother William of Baskerville is sent to find out, taking with him the assistant who later tells the tale of his investigations. Eco's celebrated story combines elements of detective fiction, metaphysical thriller, post-modernist puzzle and historical novel in one of the few twentieth-century books which can be described as genuinely unique. Set in Italy in the Middle Ages, this is not only a narrative of a murder investigation in a monastery in , but also a chronicle of the 14th century religious wars, a history of monastic orders, and a compendium of heretical movements. Bompiani Commented edition, ed. Edizioni Scolastiche Fabbri, Le nom de la rose.

There are also discussions of the philosophy of Aristotle and of a variety of millenarist heresies, especially those associated with the fraticelli. Numerous other philosophers are referenced throughout the book, often anachronistically, including Wittgenstein. To actual history and geography[ edit ] Saint Michael's Abbey , in the Susa Valley , Piedmont William of Ockham, who lived during the time at which the novel is set, first put forward the principle known as Ockham's Razor , often summarized as the dictum that one should always accept as most likely the simplest explanation that accounts for all the facts a method used by William of Baskerville in the novel.

The book describes monastic life in the 14th century. The action takes place at a Benedictine abbey during the controversy surrounding the Apostolic poverty between branches of Franciscans and Dominicans ; see renewed controversy on the question of poverty.

The book highlights this tension that existed within Christianity during the medieval era: the Spirituals, one faction within the Franciscan order, demanded that the Church should abandon all wealth, and some heretical sects began killing the well-to-do, while the majority of the Franciscans and the clergy took to a broader interpretation of the gospel.

A number of the characters, such as Bernard Gui , Ubertino of Casale and the Minorite Michael of Cesena , are historical figures, though Eco's characterization of them is not always historically accurate. His portrayal of Gui in particular has been widely criticized by historians as an exaggerated caricature; Edward Peters has stated that the character is "rather more sinister and notorious In the inquisition scene, the character of Gui asks the cellarer Remigius, "What do you believe?

There is also a quick reference to a famous "Umberto of Bologna"—Umberto Eco himself. This structure has three floors—the ground floor contains the kitchen and refectory , the first floor a scriptorium , and the top floor is occupied by the library.

A catalogue of books is kept in the scriptorium, where manuscripts are read and copied. A monk who wishes to read a book would send a request to the librarian, who, if he thought the request justified, would bring it to the scriptorium.

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Finally, the library is in the form of a labyrinth, whose secret only the librarian and the assistant librarian know. The aedificium has four towers at the four cardinal points, and the top floor of each has seven rooms on the outside, surrounding a central room. There are another eight rooms on the outer walls, and sixteen rooms in the centre of the maze.

Thus, the library has a total of fifty-six rooms.

The first letter of the verse is the letter corresponding to that room. Hibernia in the West tower , and those rooms contain books from that region. The geographical regions are:. Two rooms have no lettering - the easternmost room, which has an altar, and the central room on the south tower, the so-called finis Africae, which contains the most heavily guarded books, and can only be entered through a secret door.

The entrance to the library is in the central room of the east tower, which is connected to the scriptorium by a staircase.

Much attention has been paid to the mystery the book's title refers to. In fact, Eco has stated that his intention was to find a "totally neutral title". They chose The Name of the Rose. The book's last line, "Stat rosa pristina nomine, nomina nuda tenemus" translates as: In this novel, the lost "rose" could be seen as Aristotle 's book on comedy now forever lost , the exquisite library now destroyed, or the beautiful peasant girl now dead.

The title is also an allusion to the nominalist position in the problem of universals , taken by William of Ockham. According to nominalism, universals are bare names: This text has also been translated as "Yesterday's rose stands only in name, we hold only empty names. Medieval manuscripts of this line are not in agreement: Eco quotes one Medieval variant verbatim, [13] but Eco was not aware at the time of the text more commonly printed in modern editions, in which the reference is to Rome Roma , not to a rose rosa.

Nunc ubi Regulus aut ubi Romulus aut ubi Remus? This translates as "Where now is Regulus, or Romulus, or Remus? Red rose growing in the meadow, you vaunt yourself bravely bathed in crimson and carmine: But no: Being fair, You will be unhappy soon.

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The name of the central character, William of Baskerville, alludes both to the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes compare The Hound of the Baskervilles — also, Adso's description of William in the beginning of the book resembles, almost word for word, Dr. Watson's description of Sherlock Holmes when he first makes his acquaintance in A Study in Scarlet and to William of Ockham see the next section. The name of the narrator, his apprentice Adso of Melk is among other things a pun on Simplicio from Galileo Galilei 's Dialogue ; Adso deriving from "ad Simplicio" "to Simplicio".

Adso's putative place of origin, Melk, is the site of a famous medieval library, at Melk Abbey. And his name echoes the narrator of the Sherlock Holmes stories, Watson omitting the first and last latters, with "t" and "d" being phonetically similar. Borges was blind during his later years and was also director of Argentina's national library ; his short story " The Library of Babel " is an inspiration for the secret library in Eco's book.

In addition, a number of other themes drawn from various of Borges's works are used throughout The Name of the Rose: The ending also owes a debt to Borges' short story " Death and the Compass ", in which a detective proposes a theory for the behavior of a murderer.

The murderer learns of the theory and uses it to trap the detective. In The Name of the Rose , the librarian Jorge uses William's belief that the murders are based on the Revelation of John to misdirect William, though in Eco's tale, the detective succeeds in solving the crime.

Eco seems also to have been aware of Rudyard Kipling 's short story " The Eye of Allah ", which touches on many of the same themes, like optics, manuscript illumination, music, medicine, priestly authority and the Church's attitude to scientific discovery and independent thought, and which also includes a character named John of Burgos.

Eco was also inspired by the 19th century Italian novelist Alessandro Manzoni , citing The Betrothed as an example of the specific type of historical novel he purposed to create, in which some of the characters may be made up, but their motivations and actions remain authentic to the period and render history more comprehensible.

Throughout the book, there are Latin quotes, authentic and apocryphal. There are also discussions of the philosophy of Aristotle and of a variety of millenarist heresies, especially those associated with the fraticelli. Numerous other philosophers are referenced throughout the book, often anachronistically, including Wittgenstein.

William of Ockham, who lived during the time at which the novel is set, first put forward the principle known as Ockham's Razor , often summarised as the dictum that one should always accept as most likely the simplest explanation that accounts for all the facts a method used by William of Baskerville in the novel.

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The book describes monastic life in the 14th century. The action takes place at a Benedictine abbey during the controversy surrounding the Apostolic poverty between branches of Franciscans and Dominicans ; see renewed controversy on the question of poverty.

The book highlights this tension that existed within Christianity during the medieval era: A number of the characters, such as Bernard Gui , Ubertino of Casale and the Minorite Michael of Cesena , are historical figures, though Eco's characterization of them is not always historically accurate. His portrayal of Gui in particular has been widely criticised by historians as an exaggerated caricature; Edward Peters has stated that the character is "rather more sinister and notorious In the inquisition scene, the character of Gui asks the cellarer Remigius, "What do you believe?

Adso's description of the portal of the monastery is recognizably that of the portal of the church at Moissac, France. There is also a quick reference to a famous "Umberto of Bologna"—Umberto Eco himself. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Italian novel. For the film adaptation, see The Name of the Rose film. For other uses, see The Name of the Rose disambiguation.

Dewey Decimal. This section is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor's personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic.

Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Find sources: Novels portal. A Very Short Introduction. OUP , On Literature. Title and Last Line".

Archived from the original on Retrieved Hoskier London ; only the Hiersemann manuscript preserves "Roma". For the verse quoted in this form before Eco, see e.

Alexander Cooke, An essay on the origin, progress, and decline of rhyming Latin verse , p. See further Pepin, Ronald E.

Bernard of Cluny, De contemptu mundi: Une vision du monde vers , ed. February 22, Reading Eco: An Anthology. Indiana University Press.

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