16 मार्च निर्मला – मुंशी प्रेमचंद | Nirmala by Munshi Premchand PDF You are about to download the selected Nirmala pdf for free – Don't. Nirmala is a Hindi -Urdu fiction novel written by Hindi and Urdu writer Munshi Premchand. . In Google Play · In Google Books · निर्मला PDF. , English, Book edition: Nirmala / Premchand ; translated and with an " First published in , this poignant novel by Premchand is a classic text of the .
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Discovering India through Premchand's Nirmala. Joshua Gnana Raj P. CHAPTER - I INTRODUCTION In the beginning the novels in Hindi were always under. Download free hindi pdf book or ebook of Nirmala(Hindi Novel). It is best novel of Premchand(Hindi Literature Writer). You can download here. Nirmala - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or of Premchand which were mainly focused on farmers or poor people, Nirmala.
As a Hindi writer he wrote approximately dozen novels, short stories, numerous essays and translations he translated a number of foreign literary works into the Hindi language. His Early Life After his birth he had grown in the Lamhi village in a big family. He was the 4th child of his father named Ajaib Lal a post office clerk and his mother named Anandi Devi a housewife from Karauni village.
He was also nicknamed by his uncle named Mahabir as a Nawab which means Prince which Nawab Rai he had chosen as the first pen name by him while writing.
He had started his early education at his 7 at a madarsa in the Lalpur village around 2 and half km away from Lamahi where he learned the Urdu and Persian languages by the maulvi. He lost his mother at his 8 because of the persistent illness and later his grandmother as well. He felt alone and his father got re-married with his step mother who later became his recurring theme in his works. He took admission at a missionary school where he learnt English and read the George W.
He was in Gorakhpur when he wrote his first literary writing. He always believed to write about the social realism in his Hindi literature and discuss the status of a woman in the society. He was studying in the 9th standard when he got married at his 15 in the year The match was arranged by his maternal step-grandfather. His studies became discontinued after the death of his father in the year because of the long illness.
He had started teaching tuition to the son of Banarasi advocate at 5 rupee monthly.
Later he got the job of a teacher at 18 rupee monthly by the help of the missionary school headmaster in Chunar. Around 3 years later he posted to the District School in Pratapgarh.
Career Later he moved to the Allahabad from Pratapgarh for the training purpose and afterward posted to Kanpur in the year where he met with the editor of the magazine Zamana named Daya Narain Nigam where he published his several articles and stories in the later years.
Because of the quarrels of his wife and step-mother, he was unhappy. His wife had tried committed suicide as he scolded her too much and became failed.
He got married to the child widow named Shivarani Devi in the year and became the father of two sons named Sripat Rai and Amrit Rai. After his second marriage he faced several social oppositions. In the same year he published his second short novel named Hamkhurma-o-Hamsavab. Around copies of Soz-e-Watan were burnt in a raid of British collector. He had started writing in Hindi from The first Hindi writing Saut was published in the Saraswati magazine in the month of December in and Sapta Saroj in the month of June in It was Bhuvanmohan who treated Mansaram at the hospital.
When Bhuvanmohan learned about Nirmala, he arranged for his brother to marry Nirmala's sister, Krishna, as penance. Bhuvanmohan was haunted by his thoughts of Nirmala and her distress.
Mansaram eventually died of tuberculosis. It wasn't long thereafter when his second son Jiyaram absconded with Nirmala's jewels and fled from Totaram's house.
He later committed suicide. Totaram's third son Siyaram also fled, having been lured away by a false saint. Depressed over the loss of his sons, Totaram set off on a mission to find his only living son, Siyaram. Meanwhile, Bhuvanmohan was back in Nirmala's life as the husband of her friend, Sudha. He tried to seduce Nirmala, but his wife learned of it and criticized him harshly.
Bhuvanmohan became emotionally distressed, and out of sorrow and his love for her, he committed suicide.
A much older Totaram returned home to discover Nirmala had died. Set against a background of pre-independent India , Nirmala depicts a realistic and picturesque portrait of the s, the language and milieu of the era.
The author's words illustrate his country's poor, and paints a picture of rural India consisting largely of a static society, the clashes of castes, its poverty and exploitation, and the rich character of its people. It was an era when self-respect and public image were of fundamental importance in the society. Eating meals was observed with an extreme ritualistic importance.
In traditional homes, women did not eat with the men, and waited for them to finish before they were permitted to eat. There was also a fear of hospitals [and also of blood transfusion] which explains the hesitation of the character Totaram and his guilt over sending his son to a hospital. The generations that have passed since the novel was first written have seen dramatic changes in "attitude, sensibility and aspiration.
Nirmala was one of Premchand's most popular novels of its time in India, a time of oppression for women in Indian society that drew increasing attention from writers and poets. Gulzar believed the novel was a little outstretched, and had a tendency to repeat many emotions, but also had its diversions and contradictions.
He further explained that Premchand specialised in subjects that revolved around a young girl under 18 years old who suddenly becomes a woman after marrying a man who is much older. Many films based on the story's theme were also produced, such as Tehreer Munshi Premchand Ki directed by Gulzar and shown in Doordarshan.
Nirmala's role was played by the Marathi actress Amruta Subhash who received many accolades. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about Premchand novel. For other uses, see Nirmala disambiguation. Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 3 October Retrieved 24 November Oxford Databases.
Retrieved 5 April The Second Wife. Orient Paperbacks. Sahitya Akademi.