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Konkluzje 4. Interpretacja 1. Dowody 2. Definicja 2. Analiza 2. Various kinds of principles 1. The principle as an element of demonstrative cognition 1.
Principles versus causes 1. Cognition of principles and cognition of being II. Elements of the theory of principles in the tradition of Christian philosophy 2. St Augustin: Principium versus initium 2. The definition of principium according to F. Ratio in a philological aspect 2. Ratio in a historico-philosophical aspect 3.
Sufficiency sufficientia 3. Determination determinatio 3. Justification redditio Chapter three: Descartes: Transformation of a science of the first principles 43 1. The first principles in an epistemological aspect 1. Terminological remarks 1. The formula of apriorism 1.
Two necessary conditions 1. Cognition of the principles 2. The origin of the first principles in subject 2. Innateness of the principles 2. The status of mind 2. The way to cognize the principles 3.
Metaphysics of the principle of reason 3. The eidetic sense of principles 3. The sufficient reason 3. Formulating the principle of reason 3. Indeterminacy indifferentia and freedom Contents Part two: G.
The theory of the first principles in British empiricism 2. A genetic method of explanation 2. Criticism of the view on the innateness of principles 3.
Innateness of ideas and principles according to Leibniz 3. The nature of ideas 3. Concepts and principles 4. Cognition of the principles of reason 4. Cognition of first simple concepts 4. Fundamentalism 4. A preliminary typology of principles 4. Cognition of necessary truths 4. Reason as the origin and instrument for cognizing necessary truths 4.
Conditions of cognizing necessary principles 4. Dependence of necessary truths on intellectual concepts 5. The objective foundation of the question 5. The objectual sense of the principle of reason against a systemic background 6. A general definition of the principle 6. The principle in a geometrical order 6. Leibniz 6. The origin of the principle of reason in objects 6. The principle of reason in the order of placing positio 6. The principle of reason in the order of discovery inventio 6.
Harmony as the ultimate ontological ground of principles Chapter two: The principle of reason as the principle of sufficient reason principium rationis sufficientis 94 1. The general formulation of the principle of sufficient reason and its object areas 2.
The sufficient reason in an ontic-structural aspect 2. Definition 2. The suffincient reason of being and ontoloigical difference 3. Existence and the ontological difference 3. Esse possible tantum 3. The sufficient reason and its epistemo-logical conditions Contents 4. The onto-epistemic isomorphy 4. The sufficient reason of judgment — statement enountiation 5. God as the sufficient and ultimate reason 5. God and the ontological difference 5.
Transcendency 5. Unity and uniquity 5. Necessity 5. Personhood Chapter three: The principle of reason as the principle of determining reason principium rationis determinationis 1. Introduction 2. The Formulation of the principle of determining reason 2.
Definition I 2. Definition II 3. The concept of determination 3. Inner diversification of determination 3. Determination against the background of evidence and certainty 3.
A preliminary definition of evidence and certainty 3. Objective certainty as determination A Historico-theological context of the debate over the nature of determination 3.
Determination and indifferentiation indifferentia : the ontological rudimentals of logic and ethics 3.
The qualitative nature of determination 3. The principle of indiscernibility of identical and the identity of indiscernible 3. Determination in the perspective of intentionality 3. Determination versus freedom 3. Good as the objective reason of acting and freedom Chapter four: The principle of reason as the principle of justyfying reason principium reddendae rationis 1.
General definitions of justification and explanation 2.
Main forms of rationis reddendae 3. The justifying reason ratio reddenda and reflection 3. The concept of reflection 3. The function of reflection in the context of the justifying reason 3.
The justifying reason and truth 3. The concept of logical truth 3. The Epistemological ground ratio of truth 4.
The formulation of the principle of justifying reason 4. Definition 4. The principle of justifying reason against the background of truths of reason and factual truths 4. The truth of reason: an objective area of the principle of justifying reason 4. Proof as the formal structure of rationis reddendae 4. A General definition of proof Contents 4. The status of definition 4. Kinds of definitions 4.
The principle of justifying reason as the principle of reductive reasoning 5. God and cognition of God as the most perfect form of rationis reddendae 5. The teaching on Scientia Dei in scholastisc 5. Definition 1. A division of principles 2. Terminological remarks 2. Ratio as foundation Grund, ratio objectiva 2.
Ratio as reason Vernunft, ratio subjectiva 2. The Formulation of the principle of sufficient reason 3. German Metaphysics 3. Latin Ontology 4. Characteristics of the principle of sufficient reason 4. The absolute agreement with experience 4. Generality 4. The agreement with the nature of reason 5. The concept of sufficient reason 5. Definition 5. An epistemological aspect of the sufficient reason 5. Essence as the sufficient reason 5.
The Ontic primacy of essence 5. The Cognitive primacy of essence 5. A transcendental — structural sense of essence Chapter two: A Genetic of the principle of sufficient reason 1. Objective basis of the principle of sufficient reason. Greek and Roman architecture Vitruvii, De Architectura 1. Etymological remarks 1. Architecture 2. The origin of the principle of reason in subject 2.
Greek sources 2. Physiology of mind 3. The concept of logical truth 1. Modi essendi and modi predicandi 1. A nominal definition of logical truth 1. A real definition of logical truth Contents 2.
A historical-philosophical origin of the account of transcendental truth 2. Definition of transcendental truth 2. Objectivity of transcendental truth 2. The primacy of transcendental truth 3. Transcendental truth and the principle of sufficient reason 3. The principle of reason as the source and criterion of truth 3. The principle of reason and the issue of the difference between wakefulness and dream Chapter four: Twofold testing probatio of the principle of sufficient reason 1.
The interpretative thesis 2. Semantics and pragmatics of probatio 3.
Presentation of argumentation 3. Commentary 4. Presentation of argumentation 4. Commentary 5. Basic definitions 5. The interpretative thesis 5. A line of argumentation 5. Ludger Honnefelder: the conceptualistic basis for the principle of reason 5.
Bilfinger 1. The place of the principle of non-contradiction against the background of contingent and necessary truths 2. The concept of sufficient reason ratio sufficens 2. The nature of reason ratio 2. A Detailed analysis of the formulation of the principle of sufficient reason 3. The negative formulation 3. The positive formulation 4. Objectual spheres where the principle of sufficient reason obtains 5.
The principle of reason and the principle of causality Contents Chapter two: A science of the principle of sufficient reason in the interpretation of Ch. Baumeister 1. The place of the principle of non-contradiction against the background of ontological cognition 1. Definition and interpretation of contradiction 1. The place of the principle of non-contradiction among other principles 1. The problem of justifying the principle of non-contradiction 1.
Characteristics of the principle of non-contradiction 2. Interpretation of the principle of sufficient reason 2. The concept of sufficient reason 2. The concept of reason in general 2. Types of objective reasons ratio objectiva 2. Reason versus cause 2. Reason in general and the reason ultimate and determining 2. The concept of being determined 2. The Formulation of the principle of sufficient reason 2.
The proof demonstratio of the validity of the principle of sufficient reason 2. Characteristics of the principle of sufficient reason Chapter three: Proofs of the principle of sufficient reason in works of other representatives of Ch. Reinbeck 1. Formulating the proof 1.
A historical-philosophical base of the proof 2. Carpov 2. The definitions of reason, cause and principle 2.
The main interpretative thesis 2. The status of the principle of non-contradiction 2. Main theses 2. The Formulation of the principle of determining reason Contents Chapter three: Some examples of using the principle of determining reason 1.
Criticism of thesis VI 2. Criticism of thesis VII 2. Main presuppositions 2. Arguments for the existence of a necessary being 3. The principle of determining reason as an instrument for explaining contingent being 3. Analysis of argumentation 3. Conclusions 4.
The proof of the principle of the determining reason 4. The initial distinction 4. The principle of determining reason and the issue of freedom 6. Human freedom in the perspective of Divine pre-knowledge praescientia 7. Corollaries of the principle of determining reason Chapter Four. The principle of determining reason against the background of other metaphysical principles 1. The principle of succession, principium sucessionis 1. Interpretation 1.
Proofs 2. The principle of coexistence, principium coexistentiae 2. Analysis 2. God as the ratio et origio existentium Appendix Conclusions Bibliography Contents Summary Summary The subject-matter of my work is the principium grande of modern rationalism, that is the principle of reason. In its simplest form this principle states: nihil sine ratio, no- thing without reason. The motive underlying this work was to write a monograph which would present as thoroughly as possible the principle of reason against the background of the Cartesian rationalism, thus from its embryonic form given by De- scartes, through its classical stage of development in the systems of G.
Leibniz and of Ch. The monograph has two principal aims. Grace does not destroy but perfects nature. He treats him as man; He leaves him the liberty of acting this way or that; He ap- peals to all his powers and faculties, to his reason, to his pru- dence, to his moral sense, to his conscience. Following Aristotle and St. Appleton- Century-Crofts, The italics are ours. The encyclopedist Cassiodorus sixth century reports that philosophy had come to mean one of six things: Redpath finds an alternative in his philosophical anthropol- ogy, a philosophy of the human person influenced by the principles of St.
Recovering Philosophy as the Love of Wisdom: These are themes that Redpath discusses in many of his works. To borrow an example from Armand A.
Lwniak why would we still say that an iPad used as a meat board is broken instead of saying that somebody has a new kitchen board? Sint igitur duo individua Socrates et Plato, principium Socratis erit negatio Platonis, et principium Platonis negatio Socratis, erit igitur neutribi aliquid positivum et in quo possis pedem sistere.
Wireless transfers between Galaxy devices:. Redpath objects to a common interpretation of Aquinas, according to which his philosophical work is essentially different from his theology. There are conceptions according to which there is only one kind of principle of individuation for every category of individuals, material or immaterial. Stoicism was most arystofeles in this turn toward a different conception of philosophy. Only individual beings possess real entity.
If the pipe displays both sets of necessary properties, it is an appropriate means to reach the aim by both methods—it can perform the function of transportation both ways.
Moses had transmitted this wisdom to Orpheus but its ancient Hebraic origin had become lost to the wider culture. And to the extent that wonder is a species of fear overcome by hope, wonder is not possible unless humans possess a faculty psychology.
This conception of phi- losophy is the hallmark of Greek thought. The transportation of people and things, however, the aim other- wise raystoteles, was not the most important one in the mind of its crea- tors. It is more certain than all human knowledge because it is founded on the very word of God who cannot lie.