Jami'ah Tirmadhi: Arabic text with translation in English: 6 volumes: volume 1 to 6جامع ترمذي، حديث متن عربي و ترجمه انجليزي. PDF (Bahasa Indonesia). Published. How to Cite. SU'AIDI, Hasan. MENGENAL KITAB SUNAN AL-TIRMIDZI (KITAB HADITS HASAN). RELIGIA. Jami At-Tirmidhi is one of the classical books of hadith that was compiled by AH when it’s compiler and the great Muhadith, Muhammad ibn Isa ibn Surah At-Tirmidhi (AH), passed away. With ahadith, Jami’ At-Tirmidi is an invaluable addition to any person’s.
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___ Ism iiim English Translation of i-mi' At=Ti*rmi*dh! Volume 4 Compiled by: Imãm Hãfiz AbU 'Elsa Mohammad Ibn 'EisA At-Tirmidhi Translated by: Abu Khaliyl. ashamed to leave that servant with nothing.” (Sunan al-Tirmidhī) let him increase his supplcation while at ease.” • (Sunan Tirmidzi). Etika Guru dalam Perspektif al-Timidzi (Studi Atas Kitab Sunan al-Tirmidzi Karya The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF.
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Bajuri, M. Mohamed Yusoff, N. Hasan Adli, Journal of Applied Sciences, Further specialization of the field, includes behavioral science, developmental neurobiology, neurophysiology and others. Integration of neuronal activities enables the brain to interpret sensory stimuli e.
The integration of specific information with others received simultaneously or previous ones already kept as memories and also influenced by emotion will consequently generate individualized responses. Functions of brain that are generated by neurons traverse different issues when viewed from Islamic perspective Hasan Adli et al.
Individuals with Islamic studies background commonly understanding and have use of terms which are difficult to explain to those who are educated in conventional science stream, such as neuroscience.
Non-comprehensive understanding of related issues could potentially cause misunderstandings and clashes in public opinions. One of such issues is learning; a process of acquiring new information, behavior, capability and is directly related to formation and accessibility of memories.
Researches on learning often deal with the study of human behavior, including behavior modification through the use of rewards. Two activities, which could be associated with formal learning processes, are memorization activities and the use of rewards to reinforce learning process.
The concept of learning or seeking knowledge is also important in the Islamic tradition, e. However, without establishment of systematic organized relevant information from both neuroscience and Islam perspectives, a comprehensive understanding of the matters involved will not be achieved.
Various sources of existing established outputs of neuroscience researches, including behavioral science and educational psychology, were studied.
As for the views from the Islamic perspective, information was gathered from various sources of Islamic tradition, e. Focus was also given to memorization of al-Quran, a practice commonly implemented in Islamic studies education. In a formal setting, learning is said to have occurred when there is a change in behavior resulting from the involvement of students through an educational experience. Successful learning process leads to changes in the brain and reflected as appropriate behavior produced based on relevant memories being accessed.
A change in the behavior of individuals is also generated by the events of the environment; conscious and unconscious acceptance of environmental stimuli. Hence, a more comprehensive understanding of the learning process will assist educators in adjusting environment to maximize learning by students. Learning-based experiences experiential learning suggested a variety of approaches, e.
Various research types contributed important information on how learning process occurs; from ellular level e. Whole brain is known to be involved in learning activities, processing information in various ways, e. Various theories explaining the learning process take into account the involvement of both structure and function of the brain.
Three theories of learning often referred to are Behaviorism, Constructivism and Cognitivism. Memorization: From behavioral perspective memorization process involves the learning process, itself, and the ability to produce behavior that reflects the imitation of the learned information.
Thus, being able to access the memory of whatever has been learned reflects the success of a memorization process. Therefore, memorization involves a learning process, the process of memory formation, memory storage, accessing the memory and producing behavior reflecting the memory.
The three stages of memory are registering, storage and recall Schunk, The registering level is when the sensory input is changed into a form, which can be processed by the nervous system, and the experience is changed to codes that can be registered by the memory system. Thus, if the brain does not register experiences received through the senses, the experience will be lost. The information must then be stored properly to enable recollection when needed.
The left brain has been associated to the process of language learning, mathematics, logical thinking, analytical, linear and memorization, while the right brain with reconstruction, control of creative activities, rhythm, music, visuals, colors, pictures and thoughts that can describe metaphorical analogy and pattern De Porter and Hernacki, During recollection stage the stored memory is recalled to help individuals resolve the situation encountered.
STM has limited capacity, few seconds retention duration, existing at a semi-conscious level and can be transformed into LTM through memorization process. As for LTM, it has an unlimited capacity and is a permanent memory storage facility, which could be accessed later.
Four types of LTM are episodic, semantic, visual and procedural Kandel et al. Episodic memory is stored as meaningful event to a person e. Storage of procedural memory is in the form of sequences of events. Reward: Behaviorist approach: The use of rewards to facilitate the learning process is one of the most debated and researched on topics by psychologists and educationists, especially its association to emotion Schunk, Watson established the original principle of this approach, which explicitly rejected involvement of internal elements in behavior changes, but believed that manipulating external elements could influence behavior.
Finally, Skinner introduced measurements on the influence of rewards and penalty on responses of the learning process.
According to him, Operant Conditioning consists of reinforcement and punishment penalty concepts which influence the learning process; the former being classified into positive and negative reinforcements Table 1. All these theories are characterized under the radical behaviorism paradigm. Kandel et al.
Table 1: The behaviorist approach The execution of its influence is carried out by the hypothalamus of the endocrine system. The limbic system comprises structures located in the middle of the two cerebral hemispheres, including hippocampus and amygdala which are adjacent to each other.
Both structures are involved in memory formation. Damage to either of them will result in the inability to form new memories, thus, consequently blocking LTM formation. The learning process had been very much part of the prophethood of Muhammad peace be upon him. The first wahyu divine revelation received by Prophet Muhammad is an important milestone in the history of Islam because it signaled that Allah has enthroned Prophet Muhammad as His Messenger Abdullah et al.
Wahyu is a form of highest level source of knowledge revealed by Allah in several ways, e. After the death of Prophet Muhammad, the Caliph Rashidun and other Companions of the Prophet developed education environment based on al-Quran and Hadith, encouraging academic pursuits in various fields of knowledge. The group lead by Caliph Rashidun travelled to all corners of the world. Later, during the reign of King Mamalik HH , various disciplines were established, e.
Many Islamic educational institutions madrasahs were established, e. Books authored by prominent Muslims were sources of reference to Western academia, e.
Created man, out of a mere clot of congealed blood 2. And thy Lord is Most Bountiful 3. He Who taught the use of the pen 4. Taught man that which he knew not 5 " Yusuf Ali, a. Other than being mentioned in al-Quran, there are also Hadith with the same theme as the one narrated by Ibn Majah Al-Qazwini, a : Anas bin Malik reported that the Messenger said, "Seeking knowledge is obligation of every Muslim".
Activity of memorization of al-Quran began when the first revelation was taught to Prophet Muhammad Abdullah et al. From then onwards Prophet Muhammad, the first hafiz memorizer of al-Quran, received more verses of al-Quran in stages mostly through the angel Gabriel.
It was a tradition that Prophet Muhammad would recite al-Quran aloud with the angel Gabriel listening and correcting his mistakes every night in the fasting month of Ramadhan Al-Bukhari, a. Worried that he might lose the verses, Prophet Muhammad at times did his recitation hurriedly.
However, he conducted his memorization at a more reasonable pace after the revelation of Surah al-Qiyamah verses Al-Quran al-Karim : "Move not your tongue in haste, repeating the words of the revelation For, behold, it is for Us to gather it in you and to cause it to be read as it ought to be read] Thus, when We recite it, follow thou its wording with all thy mind : When We have finished reading it, then follow that reading These verses also referred to relationship of learning and memory.
To improve their memorization of al-Quran, Prophet Muhammad often ordered them to recite al-Quran in front of him so as to correct them if necessary. Uthman Affan was the first companion to recite in front of him Al-Dhahabi, The system of learning al-Quran as practiced by Prophet Muhammad was established in many places. Systematic organized activities of memorization of al-Quran in non-middle eastern countries, e.
At present many maahad tahfiz have been established to provide opportunities to learn hafazan. In fact, hafazan of al-Quran as a subject in the academic program have been implemented in some conventional schools.
This effort is to preserve memorization of al-Quran among the Muslim community. I asked, "Even if the person has committed adultery or stealing? Similarly in another hadith which was narrated by Imam Muslim Al-Qushairi, : Jabir reported that a man met Prophet Muhammad and he asked, "Messenger of Allah, what two things are considered as requirements?
Whoever associates anything with Allah, then he will enter hell". A study on the application of rewards module from al-Quran in the formation of personality of youths committed to a school for juvenile delinquency had been reported Yusoff et al.
It appeared that the module of "Tabsyir and Indhar" was mostly mentioned in al-Quran. Thus, tabsyir could also be interpreted as all positive rewards, including gifts or praises given by teachers in the learning process that can provide motivation to students to succeed.
The concept of indhar in al-Quran involves all notifications from Allah on punishments due to disobedience to Him Yusoff et al. Hence, indhar could also be interpreted as all negative rewards or punishments meted out by a teacher in the learning process, e. In addition, Islamic scholars such as Imam al-Ghazali, Ibn Khaldun and Ibn Jama'ah supported the concept of tabsyir and indhar on educating the children.
Others have described guidelines for educating children, e. Other aspects related to the reinforcement of learning in Islamic education include relevance of correct intention niat and sincerity, the right etiquetteprior-during-after each learning session, and supportive practices e.